Medical Conditions: Shock and other Circulatory Problems
Shock and other Circulation Problems
(10 True/False questions with explanations)
Shock is defined as someone who has collapsed to the floor?
FALSE: Shock is a lack of oxygen getting to the body’s tissues. If the kidneys and liver do not get a good supply of oxygenated blood, then they can fail which will ultimately lead to multiple organ failure and death.
There are two types of shock. Hypovolaemic Shock is caused by fluid loss; and Anaphylactic Shock is caused by an allergic reaction?
FALSE: These are just two causes of shock. Cardiogenic Shock, caused by heart problems or Sepsis/Septic Shock caused by an infection are two more common causes
Three signs of shock include pale, cold, clammy skin; fast breathing (over 20 breaths per minute); and muscle weakness?
Chest pains, weakness, fast breathing, and nausea must all be present to suspect a heart attack?
FALSE: Not everyone feels pain the same way, and symptoms can vary so if you think someone may be having a heart attack then get them to rest by sitting down, allow them take their heart medication, loosen tight clothing and call 999. Get an AEDto hand if available.
If someone has constant ‘crushing/tight’ chest pains, they need to rest for 20 minutes in case it is just angina. If the pain has not eased after 20 minutes then call 999.
FALSE: If you suspect someone may be having a heart attack, call 999 straight away.
Someone with a history of chest pains may have medication for this and should be assisted to take it themselves.
Angina is a where a coronary artery has become blocked?
FALSE: Angina is where there is a narrowing of the artery but blood can still pass to feed the heart muscle. With rest, and/or medication, the pain should ease within a few minutes.
For someone in shock, the best position for them is sitting up, to help ease their breathing?
FALSE: This person needs to be laid on the floor, feet raised (if injuries allow), and kept warm. This will make it easier for the heart to get oxygenated blood circulating to the vital organs, and prevent death from multiple organ failure.
For someone in shock, expose their bare chest in case you need to start CPR and use an AED?
FALSE: It is important to keep the patient warm. Monitor them but be prepared that you may need to resuscitate. Someone can collect an AED, to be ready if needed.
If someone has fainted, they should regain consciousness quickly.
TRUE: If they do not regain consciousness within 2 minutes, put them into the recovery position and call 999. There could be another medical reason for their collapse.
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