Medical Conditions: Diabetes and Stroke
Diabetes and Stroke
(10 True/False questions with explanations)
A First Aider should help a diabetic patient to take insulin?
FALSE: An incorrect dosage can prove fatal. Let the patient manage their own insulin injections. If you are concerned that the patient is in a confused state, then call 999.
Signs of a patient becoming hypoglycaemic include hunger, reduced level of consciousness and having pale, cold clammy skin?
If a diabetic patient is still confused 15minutes after taking 20g of sugar, you should call 999?
TRUE: There may be another reason why the patient is confused. For instance, a diabetic patient can easily become hypothermic
Sugar levels will remain stable for the next four hours after taking 20g of sugar.
FALSE: The sugar will raise their blood glucose levels, but that sugar can be quickly used up which will lead to another ‘hypo’.
If a diabetic patient has become unconscious, then you should put 4 jelly babies in their mouth?
FALSE: Do not put anything in the mouth of an unconscious person, it could lead to a fatal choking incident.
FAST stands for FACE, ARMS, SPEECH, TIME
True: Facial droop, arm weakness, and any speech problem (slurred words, being unable to get the words out, or using the wrong words), could all be symptoms of a stroke.
A facial droop, arm weakness, speech problems are the only three symptoms of someone having a stroke?
FALSE: An intense headache, sometimes described as an ‘explosion’ going off in their head, loss of balance, visual problems are less common symptoms but anything that the brain is not working properly could be a stroke.
A stroke patient who has collapsed on the floor but who is still conscious should be put in the recovery position?
FALSE: Lay the person on their back, head and shoulders raised. This will help reduce the pressure in the brain slightly. Tilt the head to the weaker side so saliva can easily drain away. If the airway becomes a problem, then put them in the recovery position.
Always call 999 for someone you suspect is having a stroke. Don’t take them yourself by car?
TRUE: The patient needs assessment by an ambulance crew, who can then transport to the nearest Hyper Acute Stroke Unit (HASU) which may not be in your nearest hospital.
Some symptoms of a stroke can subside with time, but it’s always in the patient’s interests to call 999 as soon as you find any symptoms of a stroke?
TRUE: Sometimes the symptoms can resolve spontaneously, but you can not be sure how this will develop. Always call 999 as soon as you see symptoms of a stroke. The quicker a patient can get to a HASU for assessment and treatment, the better. Some treatments can only be started a short time after the onset of symptoms.
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