(10 True/False questions with explanations).
If any artery is severed, apply a tourniquet straight away.
FALSE: Sit/lie the patient down and apply direct pressure.
Haemostatic dressings can be inserted into any gaping injury.
FALSE: DO NOT insert haemostatic dressings into
- Open skull wounds. It will damage the brain.
- Open chest wounds. It will damage the lungs.
Discard the Haemostatic Dressing wrapper into a bin or rubbish bag.
FALSE: The wrapper should stay with the patient. One way to do this is to tuck the wrapper it into the trauma dressing bandage.
To stop an arterial bleed, insert haemostatic dressing into the gaping wound and wait for the bleeding to stop.
FALSE: After inserting the haemostatic dressing you must still apply direct pressure. The time varies depending on the make/model of the dressing, so read the instructions. Apply a trauma dressing over the top.
Trauma dressings have an expiry date.
TRUE: All medical dressings have an expiry date. Check that those in your first aid kit are still in date.
A Blast dressing has a large pad to help control bleeding from an amputation.
TRUE: If there is severe bleeding from the stump, wrap it in the pad and use the elasticated bandage to apply direct pressure. Blast dressings also have a plastic sheet tucked into a pocket that can be used for abdominal wounds.
There are no drawbacks to using a tourniquet
FALSE: A tourniquet will cause intense pain. The tourniquet can also cause nerve damage. If the tourniquet has to be kept on for too long, the limb will need to be amputated. The tourniquet can save someone’s life but always try to stop the bleeding first by using direct pressure.
A tourniquet can be released if the pain becomes unbearable
FALSE: The tourniquet must not be slackened until the patient gets to hospital.
It is important to reassess the patient after treatment
TRUE: Check that the bleeding has stopped. If not, use a haemostatic dressing or a tourniquet to stop the bleeding. Check that the patient is still breathing.
If you are the only helper, the priority is to stop the severe bleeding and then call 999.
TRUE: A patient can die quickly from catastrophic bleeding. Make sure that you have quick easy access to a major trauma/catastrophic bleeding kit.
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